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Belt Size for a Task Force Riding Mower

What was known in Ohio as the Modern Tool and Die Company fabricated the Task Force riding lawn mower. MTD discontinued creation of this Task Force riding lawn mower in favor of newer versions, such as Cub Cadet. If you know the part number, parts, such as mower deck belts, still are available that fit Task Force mowers, and might be found locally or ordered on line.

Belt Sizes

Belts for a mower deck on a Task Force mower are 5/8 inches wide by 69 inches . The part numbers are 754-0145A and 754-0145. Considering that Task Force riding mowers are produced, you might have to find a belt labeled specifically to replace these part numbers. The original equipment manufacturer (OEM) part number today used for these connectors is 954-0145 and 954-0145A. Belts for the 32- and – 34-inch mower decks are the same width, but only 67 inches. The OEM number for these connectors was 754-0151.

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Fluorescent vs. LED for Seed Starting

Like Velcro, cordless tools and wireless technology, innovations as a result of research by the National Aeronautics and Space Agency have definitely changed the habits of everyday life. These technological improvements extend even to gardening, and investigations into plant growth beneath light-emitting diodes, or LEDs, may permanently alter how plants are started and grown indoors. Though fluorescents have long been the standard light source for starting seeds indoors, LEDs have a number of advantages that may eventually make the use of fluorescents for plant growing as obsolete as the telegraph.

LED Qualities

Have a look at almost any electronic device — it probably has an LED someplace on it, usually to indicate that the device has power. Though these indicator lights have been deliberately dark, recent strides in LED technology have resulted in much more powerful lights which are gaining traction for use in general lighting in addition to for specific uses like plant growing. Contrary to fluorescents, which emit light in a broad spectrum, LEDs are designed to emit light in narrow bands, which may be combined to achieve particular outcomes. Long-lived, incredibly efficient and generating little to no heat, LEDs reduce the power invoice, rarely need replacing, don’t break easily and almost eliminate the need to give additional ventilation or airflow above plants to cool them. Although still costlier than fluorescents, new LED products developed especially for plant growing can be plugged into the wall and linked as needed to form a chain or set of lights.

Factors for Plant Growth

One disadvantage to LED grow lights is their psychedelic look. Since plants use only blue and red wavelengths of light for photosynthesis and growth, LED grow lights utilize mixtures of blue and red bulbs that result in an extreme purplish glow. Much of the analysis so far indicates that these blue and red LEDs result in stronger, more vigorous plant growth compared to fluorescent bulbs over the same time. However, since LEDs are designed to emit light in a really specific wavelength, and not all blue-red LEDs create an equal amount and quality of lighting, research continues on how many species of plants germinate and perform under different kinds of LEDs. Early adopters of this technology will probably find that greater products will become accessible as research progresses.

Fluorescent Lighting

Affordable, practical and widely accessible for most home growers is the traditional fluorescent tube. For years, the standard advice to indoor growers and seed-starters is to use a fluorescent fixture with one cool-light and one warm-light tube, suspended a few inches above the tops of crops. Full-sunlight spectrum lights produce the proper range of light wavelengths, however are far less energy efficient and produce heat which may lead to young plants to grow too quickly and eventually become spindly and weak. Bulbs need replacing every year or two, as older bulbs generate a high quality quality of lighting. Even though a fluorescent light device can look clunky and unattractive, the human eye perceives the emitted light as white, which makes it easier to live with in the home.

Seed-Starting Requirements

Not all seeds need light as a condition for germination. Some species require dark for good germination, like annuals like larkspur (Consolida species). Research remains mixed as to if LEDs or fluorescents are far better for seed germination; some research in Michigan State University indicates that seed germination rates are far better under LEDs, though other studies done at Wofford College in South Carolina indicate that no difference exists in germination rates involving plants started under LEDs and fluorescents, and that fluorescents may actually encourage better ancient root growth than LEDs.

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The way to Get Cigarette Smell Out of Draperies

A cigarette smell not only lingers, it clings to and yellows everything in its path — also isn’t easily washed out of draperies, if they’re washable at all. Some cleaning products help dispose of this kind of odor better than others do.

Washable Ones

Launder washable draperies in the hottest Water indicated on the label; cold water does not loosen, remove or melt a sticky smoke picture as efficiently. Add 3/4 cup of borax or baking soda, or 1 cup of white vinegar to your wash water along with your regular detergent for odor-neutralizing power. If the smell remains, repeat the washing procedure up to five times, indicates the American Cleaning Institute. Hang drapes outside to dry to avoid shrinkage and also to let fresh air filter through the cloth.

Finicky Group

Dry cleaning with an enzymatic product designed for odors can remove a cigarette odor from dry-clean-only drapes. Allow the dry cleaner understand about the particular odor you would like removed. If the odor remains, hang the drapes outside for a few dry, sunny days. Or lay the dry drapes in your ground, sprinkle them with baking soda, wait 1 hour, then vacuum the cloth, working in the center outward. Weight the edges to keep the material flat. Repeat the procedure on the other side.

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The way to Keep White Cabinets From Yellowing

White cabinets can get a yellow tinge unlike double cabinetry, which seems to hide yellowing. Clean, white cabinets are a bright portion of many a kitchen or bathroom. The yellowish tinge which seems to creep over them with time is preventable, however; discover the reason and implement the treatment.

Be a Fan of Your Fan

When you’re cooking, these delicious smells rising to the air in the kind of microscopic food or grease particles have to land someplace; do not let them accumulate on your own white cabinetry. Whenever you begin boiling, broiling, deep-frying or baking, turn on the exhaust fan or range hood to filter out at least some of those nesting pieces before they build up yellow and on the surrounding surfaces. If your bathroom cabinets are yellowing, turn on the fan prior to running a bath or turning on the shower, and leave it on till the humidity or damp, soap-filled air clears.

In case Smoking Turns Teeth Yellow…

If you’re a smoker, smoking outdoors — or quitting — might help keep your white cabinets, and ceiling and walls, from yellowing. To remove an existing yellow tinge, clean your cupboards with a fizzy mixture of 1 cup of vinegar, two cups of warm water and one tablespoon of baking soda.

Hold the Sealer

Yellowed cabinets which will not come clean can benefit from a coat of white paint, but after painting them, then you might have a tendency to give them a protective coat of polyurethane, even a top-coat sealer — hold off until you consider the facts. Oil-based sealers, as well as some water-based sealers, can yellow over time, which might have resulted in the original issue. If you would like to give your cabinets a protective top coat, use a stain-blocking primer and good-quality bathroom-and-kitchen paint to begin with.

Rethink Spring Cleaning

You probably spot clean your cabinetry during the entire year and wipe down it entirely on your spring-cleaning efforts, but that might not be enough. Yellowing occurs gradually. Instead of once a year, give your white cabinets a monthly “bathroom,” with a solution of warm water and grease-busting dish soap and enjoy yellow in the kind of bananas and lemons, instead of discolored cabinets.

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Orange Cactus Flower Facts

Many cactus species create orange flowers. Besides cosmetic uses, the flowers play significant roles in their ecosystems and have culinary uses for humans. Some kinds of cacti that may grow orange flowers consist of prickly pear, barrel cactus, organ pipe cactus and Christmas cactus. The striking blossom color together with fine blossom fragrances help attract pollinators, such as bees and bats.

Cactus Flowers Are Edible

A lot of men and women realize that cactus fruits, such as prickly pear, are edible or useful for making beverages. They are fairly common in Mexican and Central American cooking. Fewer people know that cactus flowers are often creamy too. For example, Native Americans boiled young barrel cactus flowers to consume like cabbage. They also boiled old barrel cactus flowers to make into a beverage. Barrel cactus flowers come in many different colours, such as yellow, orange and red.

Cactus Flower Structure Facts

Flowers are reproductive structures for cacti, succulents and many other types of plants. Sepals and petals safeguard the inner areas of the blossom and manual pollinators, such as bees, toward the inside of the blossom. The flowers have male and female parts. Anthers are male parts that contain pollen, and stigmas are the sections of the female pistils that get the pollen. After the stigma receives pollen, the basal region of the pistil produces seeds. Some cacti flowers blossom throughout the afternoon, while some — such as the organ pipe cactus — blossom during the night.

Cactus Flowers Make Tasty Wine

Wine Maker Magazine recommends using prickly pear flowers — that is orange, yellow, red or pink to make wine. A recipe for cactus blossom wine contains sugar, cactus flowers, white grape juice, water, grape tannin and yeast, among other ingredients. Cactus flowers often have bees inside of these, therefore gardeners should be careful harvesting the flowers.

Bats Feed on Night-Blooming Cacti

Night-blooming organ pipe cacti and saguaro cacti have orange or yellow flowers that open at night. As these and other kinds of cacti begin to bloom each year, lesser long-nosed bats migrate from Central Mexico to Northern Mexico and the southwestern United States. The bats fly from blossom to blossom, feeding on the flower nectar. They get pollen on themselves and pollinate the cactus flowers as they fly around feeding. Later in the summer, the bats will eat the cactus fruit and deposit the seeds. They play a significant role in cactus reproduction, in the same way the cacti flowers play a main role in the diet of their bats.

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Beautiful Vegetable & Flower Garden

Flowers add an element of beauty to the vegetable garden and with the right selection, you can attract beneficial insects and discourage some of the harmful ones. With just a little preparation, a few trellises and the openness to jump putting in formal rows, your vegetable garden may double as a flower garden and be a gorgeous addition to the landscape.

Planing Ahead

Developing a gorgeous garden starts with good preparation. Rather than planting large regions with rows of vegetables, plan to plant in a scattered pattern, mixing different kinds of vegetables together. A couple of trellises — tipi kind trellises scattered across the garden or tall trellises round the perimeter — add height to your garden, making a visually interesting element. Trellises are ideal for growing crops such as beans and peas, summer squash, melons and vine tomato plants. Creating raised beds from wood, stone or other aesthetically pleasing substances is a great way to make the flower and vegetable garden stand out nicely and makes weeding easier.

Pick Your Crop for Color

Not all cabbage is green and not all strawberries are reddish. Think colour combinations when planting a gorgeous vegetable and flower garden. Yellow tomatoes mixed with crimson tomatoes bring colour variation from the tomato section while eggplants, purple cabbage, and orange, yellow and red hot and sweet peppers add colour throughout the backyard. A stand of sunflowers adds height and color, while chives, squash flowers, nasturtium, calendula petals and violets offer edible flowers. Rose petals can also be edible and a growing or bush rose from the garden adds elegance just like few other flowers may.

Companion Planting Principles

Companion planting is a way to reduce the demand for pesticides by attracting beneficial insects to the garden. Flowers like marigolds, nasturtiums, chive flowers and pot marigold, also referred to as calendula, attract insects that deter some of the worst garden insects. Strongly fragrant herbs, such as rosemary, oregano, mint and catnip, can also be great at deterring garden pests. Incorporating companion planting clinics from the vegetable garden helps keep insects away and you get the added advantage of the herb garden mixed in with the grasses and creamy flowers.

Great Companions from the Garden

Plant nasturtiums one of the plant and cucumbers the cucumbers beneath the sunflowers; the sunflowers provide shade for the cucumbers and the nasturtiums maintain cucumber beetles away. Marigolds are a wonderful ally of eggplants, melons, tomatoes and raspberries. Borage, love-in-the-mist and thyme are great companions to this strawberry, and chives paired with celery, carrots and lettuce form a fantastic combination. Plant a couple of added chives around roses to keep aphids at bay and revel in the purple chive flowers one of your favorite roses.

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What Is the Hibiscus Sorrel?

Hibiscus sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa), also called Jamaica sorrel and roselle, is indigenous to India, but can grow as a yearly as in most climates. The plant has fleshy, red calyxes that encircle the foundation of its yellow blooms. The red calyxes possess a flavor similar to cranberries or currants and are used to make tea, jellies and used in salad dressings, drinks and frosting.


Hibiscus sorrel can grow up to 7 feet tall using 3-inch-long oval, three- to five-lobed leaves. The stalks and leaves are thin using a reddish-green shade. The calyxes are green when immature and turn into a bright red when ripe. Calyx size may vary and range from 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches in diameter. The yellowish flowers are 5 inches wide using a rose-colored or maroon center that fade into a pink as blooms fade at day’s end.

Climate and Soil

Hibiscus sorrel needs long, hot summers for fruit to ripen and the plant is frost-sensitive. An early frost may prevent a harvest. Rainfall is vital, as blooms thrive in places that receive at least 72 inches of rain each growing season. Hibiscus sorrel grows best in loamy, sandy soil. Necessary growing states are similar to those for tomatoes and the plants need spacing of 18 to 24 inches apart in rows. The plant begins producing blooms since the days shorten during the growing season.

Propagation and Planting

Hibiscus sorrel is usually propagated by seed, but you can also propagate the plant from cuttings. Propagation from cuttings often results in shorter plants and fewer calyxes. The plant may reseed itself, therefore it has the potential to become invasive in some places. You can start seeds indoors and transplant seedlings when they grow to approximately 4 inches tall, or direct sow the seeds at the expanding region, planting in hills with three to six seeds per hill.

Harvest and utilize

When ripe, the fruit is plump and tender and should be harvested before woody tissue grows on the calyxes. Fruits can easily be snapped off the plant by hand early in the day; when harvesting is delinquent the stems toughen and you’re going to need clippers to eliminate fruits. The fruit has many uses other than teas and frosting. After washing, you can chop the fruit and then apply in fruit salad, or cook to make into syrup, marmalade or pie fillings.

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How to Prune Vertical Tomato Plants

Tomatoes are an easy-to-grow plant for home gardeners and among the most widely grown home garden plants. While the plants grow easily, they require care and pruning to keep crops healthy and make a fantastic harvest. Tomatoes need staking to keep fruit off the floor and reduce fruit decay. Pruning can also be significant, as it helps create bigger fruit and slimmer, healthier plants also increases air flow, which reduces the danger of infection.

Choose a couple of main stems. When growing tomatoes with two main stems, choose the 2nd main stem from among the shoots that grow from the first or second leaf-stem axils, and remove all of shoots below it. Growing plants with a couple of main stems sends more nutrients to fruit instead of sending it to unwanted shoots.

Prune to remove any new suckers. Check weekly and remove any new side or lateral shoots while they’re still tiny. You can pinch off the limbs with your fingers if you remove them before they grow larger than 4 inches long; that also helps avoid plant injury. Pinch a sucker between your finger and thumb, bending it to one side until it breaks.

Top the plant in summer season. When the main shoots get to the surface of the service, cut off the tops of the main shoots. This directs plant energies to ripening fruit on the vine. Taking away the tops doesn’t hurt the plant because any new fruit group would not have time to ripen before the growing season ends.

Remove any yellow or wilting leaves as they develop. Yellow and wilting leaves are normal on tomato crops as they grow. Removing these leaves help reduce the danger of infection and maintain the plant looking fresh.

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Clothes to Wear While Mowing

Proper mowing attire is essential to keeping yourself safe when you go outdoors for routine lawn maintenance tasks. Flying debris is the primary danger when mowing. The clothing you wear should defend you from any flying debris without inserting any other dangers, like the clothes getting caught in moving parts.


Your feet are close to the spinning blades and flying debris that the entire time you mow, especially when using a push mower. Never wear flip flops, sandals or open shoes of any kind when mowing. Close-toed shoes are essential to maintaining your feet protected. Choose sturdy shoes made from thick material, like leather work boots or tennis shoes. Check the soles for holes before wearing the shoes for mowing.


The potential for flying debris implies you ought to cover as much of your skin as possible with clothing. Long pants are ideal for your lower half of your body. It is tempting to wear shorts, especially when mowing in hot summer temperatures, but long pants protect your legs. The close proximity to the blades puts your legs in a higher risk for cuts or scratches from mowing debris. Your arms aren’t as likely to be hit by debris, but long sleeves are greatest. The coverage from the clothes also means less exposure to the sunlight so you don’t end up with a lint.

General Clothing Guidelines

Whatever you wear, the clothing should fit snugly. Loose-fitting clothing can get caught while mowing. If the sleeve of your shirt gets caught in a moving part, it can pull your arm and potentially cause significant injury. Jewelry also poses a tangling and injury risk. Pick old clothing, as they tend to get dirty from the debris of mowing. 1 choice is to set aside a mowing outfit that fills all of the guidelines. Wear this outfit every time you mow so you don’t destroy different clothing.

Protective Gear

Wearing protective gear together with suitable clothing increases your safety while mowing the yard. Goggles or sunglasses that wrap around your face shield the eyes if debris flies up from the lawnmower. Ear plugs reduce damage to your own ears from the loud mower motor noise. Protective gloves cover your fingers to reduce blisters or cuts from flying debris. When dust or grass clippings bother you, then a face mask or bandana on your mouth and nose while mowing may help.

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How to Paint Metal Doors With Oil-Based Paints

Painting a steel door is somewhat like painting a car — the quality of the project depends on a large extent on how much effort you put into preparation. You need to fill and flatten dents, or else they will appear, and you’ve got to clean, etch and prime the surface, or the paint might lift. You get the best results using oil-based paint with a sprayer, but should youn’t have spray gear, you’ll get excellent results with a brush. The important thing is to thin the paint so it flows out and also to propagate it in thin coats.

Remove all the door hardware, for example, knob, deadbolt and latch, with a screwdriver. Cover the hinges with masking tape and also the windows with masking tape and paper. If the door has weatherstripping, pull it off and wash the adhesive off the door with acetone on a rag. Unscrew and remove the sweep on the bottom of the door, if there is one.

Wash the door with soap and warm water. After the door dries, wipe it down with a rag dampened with acetone to remove any grease that the detergent did not dissolve.

Fill dents, depressions and other defects with auto body filler. Mix the filler with the hardener that comes with it at the proportion recommended on the container and then spread it where required with a putty knife. Scrape it flat with the knife before it hardens. When it hardens, sand it flat with 120-grit sandpaper, then sand the entire door with 220-grit sandpaper to etch the old finish. Wipe the door with a rag.

Prime the door with an oil-based metal primer. Spray the primer with a compressed air spray gun or disperse it with a brush. If you spray, keep the door open and then cover the door with vinyl sheeting. Put on a respirator while spraying or painting with a brush.

Let the primer dry completely, which requires about 2 hours, then sand the door lightly with 220-grit sandpaper and wipe the dust off.

Spread one thin coat of oil-based paint by spraying by painting it with a brush. Whether you wax or spray, thin it with about 10 percent mineral spirits to help it flow out. Do not worry should youn’t get complete coverage with this coat.

Let the paint dry overnight, then sand it with 220-grit sandpaper and apply another thin coat. You might be satisfied after this coat, but otherwise, apply a third coat after sanding the second.

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